Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs . Laparoscopy is used to find problems such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids , and infection. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube (laparoscope).
Why Is Laparoscopy Performed?
Laparoscopy is often used to identify and diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain. It’s usually performed when other, noninvasive methods are unable to help with diagnosis.In many cases, abdominal problems can also be diagnosed with imaging techniques such as:
- -Ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the body
- -CT scan,which is a series of special X-rays that take cross-sectional images of the body
- -MRI, which uses magnets and radio waves to produce images of the body.
Laparoscopy is performed when these tests don’t provide enough information or insight for a diagnosis. The procedure may also be used to take a biopsy, or sample of tissue, from a particular organ in the abdomen.Your doctor may recommend laparoscopy to examine the following organs:
- -Small and large bowel
- -Pelvic or reproductive organs